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The ALLL today – segmentation challenges

Sageworks
November 8, 2016
Read Time: 0 min

With the release of the Financial Accounting
Standards Board’s (FASB) guidance on the CECL model, banking professionals and
consultants have been theorizing about the impact the standard will have on
current bank processes. While it is important for these banking professionals
to be prepared, consultants are stressing the importance of tackling today’s
allowance challenges too.

Proper loan pool segmentation will be a critical step in
effectively implementing an expected loss model. However, proper segmentation
is a challenge that financial institutions face when working toward
compliance under current GAAP.

“Loan pool segmentation is a current challenge bankers face
and one they will continue to face as they transition to an expected loss model.
It is a balancing act; specifically, making sure that the pools’ loans have similar
characteristics while also having granularity and being statistically
significant,” said Sageworks Director of Consulting Aaron Lenhart.


Segmentation Challenges:

  • ·        
    Fewer, large pools – lacking granularity and
    diluted loss rates for loan types with unique characteristics
  • ·        
    Too many pools – weakening statistical validity
    and individual charge-offs/recoveries can have a disproportionate effect on
    loss rate calculations
  • ·        
    Sub-segmentation not being considered often
    enough


Segmentation Solutions:

  • ·        
    Consider Federal Call Codes as a starting point –
    improves consistency and can break-out additional segments/sub-pools as needed
  • ·        
    Use additional segmentation to reflect risk as
    appropriate – risk rating/grade, days past due buckets, and FICO band
  • ·        
    Loans with unique characteristics should be
    broken out – promotional lending programs, shared national credits, indirect
    and asset based lending and discontinued lines of business

While there is not a single correct way to segment the
portfolio, these tips can be used to produce the granularity preferred with
today’s ALLL as well as the ALLL under CECL.

To learn more about the ALLL challenges bankers are facing today, watch this ondemand webinar: Understanding the ALLL Today before CECL.

About the Author

Sageworks

Raleigh, N.C.-based Sageworks, a leading provider of lending, credit risk, and portfolio risk software that enables banks and credit unions to efficiently grow and improve the borrower experience, was founded in 1998. Using its platform, Sageworks analyzed over 11.5 million loans, aggregated the corresponding loan data, and created the largest

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